Charlotte Sophia Kasl Ph.D.
I put the 16 steps in the present tense because empowerment is a circle or a spiral without end and we are all in it together.
- A)We affirm we have the power to take charge of our lives and stop being dependent on substances or other people for our self esteem and security. When people lack a sense of self they need to affirm that they do have the power to take charge of their lives even in the face of a life-threatening addiction.
- B) Alternative: We admit we were of control with/powerless over _________ yet have the power to take charge of our lives and stop being dependent on substances or other people for our self-esteem and security. Many people said that admitting/acknowledging powerlessness was extremely important. So the first part of the step acknowledges powerlessness over a substance or person and the second part af